Smoking is the primary factor that causes lung problems. However, it is also possible that certain diseases can put your lungs at risk. Some problems in the lungs are treatable, but it is undeniable that specific lung problems can lead to chronic diseases. Therefore, understanding what causes can help you with preventing the possibility of having chronic lung diseases.
The lungs are the important organ that is responsible to your body to carry oxygen and release carbon dioxide from the body. The gas exchange is involved in the transport of oxygen and carbon dioxide from the air. The gas exchange is associated with breathing. Your respiratory system involves lungs, airways, muscles and blood vessels that are the main parts that help your body with the breathing function. The breathing problem occur if the person has lung diseases. Lung diseases are the overall term if you have health conditions that affect your lungs. The lung diseases are pneumonia, bronchitis, asthma. These lung problems can lead to more severe issues such as COPD and lung cancer.
Lung diseases: Its Causes and risk factors
Various lung diseases impair the person’s lungs and affect the ability to breathe properly. The main causes of lung diseases are unknown, but some diseases can be caused by the following.
- Low immune functioning
- Lung condition during childbirth
- Exposure to smoke and toxic materials
The person is at risk of developing lung problems if they are exposed to harmful chemicals and being exposed to bad habits. The risks can also worsen the lung problems and will lead to chronic lung diseases.
- Smoking. It is the leading cause of lung diseases. Any kinds of smoking or being a second-hand smoker can put at risk in developing lung problems. The smoke can irritate the lungs. Studies say that smoking can cause and put you at higher risk for lung diseases.
- Asbestos. It is a mineral substance that often used for cement, fireproofing, and car brakes. Overexposed to this kind of natural minerals can be harmful to a person’s health. It can harm the lung tissue or cells. It can be inhaled and can cause lung cancer and lung scarring.
- Air pollution. Excessive exposure to pollution can cause lung problems and can even exacerbate the symptoms that result in chronic lung problems
- Weak immune system. Having low immune response may not able to fight the microorganisms trying to enter your body. The weak immune system can put you at risk in developing an infectious disease and will lead to infectious lung diseases such as influenza and tuberculosis.
The genetics may also play a more prominent role in developing some lung problems such as cystic fibrosis and pulmonary hypertension. However, the research about the relationship of genes in certain lung diseases is not enough to say that genetic can definitely affect the development of lung problems.
What diseases cause lungs at risk?
Many factors can cause lung diseases. Most of the problems that cause your lungs at risk are the underlying conditions.
- HIV, AIDS, and cancer can cause lung problems like lung infection. According to researchers more patients with HIV and AIDS are developing the form of pneumonia known as pneumocystis pneumonia. The research explained that diseases like HIV and cancer could lower your immune system and may put you at higher risk in developing lung infections. Other studies added that HIV infection could impair the host defense mechanism of the respiratory system. Therefore, it contributes to lung problems and increases the risk of chronic lung disease like COPD.
- Liver and kidney problem. Chronic kidney disease is always associated with some illnesses such as hypertension and atherosclerosis. According to studies, the end-stage of kidney disease can affect the arteries and lead to pulmonary congestion. Wherein, a liver disease like cirrhosis can lead to pulmonary complications. According to some studies, the liver diseases affect the blood vessels and contribute to the reduction of the total capacity of the lungs. Besides, cirrhosis is always associated with dyspnea.
- Gastrointestinal disease. Hyperacidity or Gastro-esophageal reflux disease happens when the acid in the stomach goes back to the esophagus. GERD can result in chronic cough and can lead to asthma and pneumonia. A chronic cough happens when the acid irritates the throat. According to studies, gastro-esophageal reflux increases the acid affects the airway that also leads to bronchoconstriction.
- Respiratory Disease. It is already studied that respiratory diseases such as emphysema and bronchitis can lead to COPD and most of the lung diseases can lead to lung cancer. For example, asthma is always co-related to lung cancer.
The diseases that cause lung problems happen on the late stage. Therefore, if certain conditions are untreatable, it will lead to lung complications wherein shortness of breath may experience.
In conclusion, the diseases that can lead to lung complications are only possibilities. Therefore, if you have the conditions and causes dyspnea, do not hesitate to consult your physician. Although many factors cause lung diseases, it means that preventing main causes can help in treating lung problems. Certain diseases may put you at risk in lung problems, but it does not mean that you will have chronic lung diseases in the future.