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Lungs Diseases: Common Treatment vs. Medical Cannabis

Lung diseases can be caused by infection or bad habits such as smoking. Some say that smoking cannabis may cause lung problems. However, most users suggest that cannabis use can help them in relieving symptoms of lung problems. Although most of the physician has prescribed common treatment for specific lung problems, it is undeniable that some people have been using cannabis for their lung problems. The real concern does medical cannabis safe to use for lung problems. This content will give you an insight into common treatments versus medical marijuana.

 

Overview of Lung Diseases

Lung diseases are often having problems with their breathing. Some lung diseases cause dyspnea or shortness of breath. Various factors put the person at risk in developing lung problems. Risk factors are smoking, pollution and infection. The lung diseases refer to the condition that affects the person’s lung and have an impact on the lung function. Most of the lung diseases are COPD, pneumonia, lung cancer, bronchitis. If the lung diseases are not appropriately treated, it may lead to respiratory failure and can be life-threatening. Other diseases like asthma and emphysema, cause the blockage on the airways. This results in inadequate transport of oxygen and gases. Some diseases like pneumonia and lung cancer reduce the capacity of the lungs to hold the total volume of air that also leads to dyspnea. The severe lung problem increases over time especially if the person is smoking and exposure to harmful chemicals.

 

Lung Disease: Treatment

There are various treatments for lung diseases. The medications will be based on the causes of the disease. For instance, antibacterial and antiviral will be prescribed for infectious diseases. The drug can be used to treat symptoms of lung diseases like dyspnea.

  • Anticholinergics. This medication is the instant relief for asthma and other acute lung diseases. It helps by expanding the airways by inhibiting the reflexes to uncontrolled to smooth muscle of the airways.
  • Short-Acting Beta-Agonists. It is a fast-acting relief for dyspnea because the beta-agonist relax the muscle of the airways.

Other medications can be used for long-term medications.

  • Bronchodilators. This treatment used to dilate or relax the bronchioles. It relaxes the muscle in the lungs and helps the person to breathe properly. This treatment can be used to treat problems with breathing in asthma and COPD.
  • Anti-IgE Treatment. This form of medication can also be used for asthma. This treatment is for allergic conditions and helps in relieving the symptoms such as wheezing, coughing, and hives.
  • Inhaled steroids. It is used every day to control lung problems and to prevent some symptoms of lung diseases. It can also reduce the production of mucus and also help in reducing some symptoms of chronic lung disease.
  • Combination medications. This treatment can be used for some diseases like asthma. It reduces the inflammation of the airways. It also dilates the muscle of the airways.

The treatment used for lung diseases mainly for inflamed airways. However, some medications may have side effects such as arrhythmia, headache, and upset stomach.

 

Lung Diseases: Medical marijuana

Medical cannabis is derived from the plant of cannabis sativa and use as a medicine. It contains active compounds such as THC, CBD, and CBN. The THC is the compound that induces the psychoactive or euphoric feeling. The CBD is the non-psychoactive compound of the plant and also has various health benefits. The medical marijuana has been widely used for pain, anxiety, nausea and multiple sclerosis. Past studies explained that smoking marijuana can worsen the lung problems and can cause bronchoconstriction.

 

However, recent studies suggest that only long-term cannabis smoking can cause the problem. Experimentally, some researchers found out that acute use of cannabis can promote bronchodilator and induced analgesic properties. They said the bronchodilation effect of marijuana is due to the cannabinoids called as THC. Besides, medical marijuana has been proven to have its anti-inflammatory properties. Therefore, it could help in treating some infectious diseases. There is substantial evidence about the acute cannabis use may help in improving the airway functions. However, most of the authors agreed that heavy cannabis use might reverse the bronchodilation effect of medical marijuana.

 

According to various studies, chronic cannabis use may impair the lung functions and can lead to airway obstruction. Also, they found out that chronic smoking marijuana can lead to more damage and inflamed tracheobronchial mucosa. On the recent studies about marijuana use, researchers explained that a problem in the respiratory symptom is often caused by smoking marijuana associated with tobacco use. Despite the confusion, medical marijuana is becoming popular nowadays because of its ability to treat symptoms. Aside from smoking, tinctures and edibles are the other way to consume marijuana.

Unfortunately, most people know that under federal law, marijuana is still illegal. Therefore, the benefits of marijuana may need further studies to prove its effectiveness in treating symptoms of lung diseases.

 

In conclusion, the use of treatment and acute cannabis use may help in bronchodilation and inflammation. However, cannabis use is still determined as a Scheduled drug I by DEA, and FDA has already approved the medication like bronchodilators. Regarding cannabis use, it is still recommended to consult a general practitioner before using to treat lung problems.


Other Diseases That Cause Lungs at Risk

Smoking is the primary factor that causes lung problems. However, it is also possible that certain diseases can put your lungs at risk. Some problems in the lungs are treatable, but it is undeniable that specific lung problems can lead to chronic diseases. Therefore, understanding what causes can help you with preventing the possibility of having chronic lung diseases.

 

Lungs: Definition

The lungs are the important organ that is responsible to your body to carry oxygen and release carbon dioxide from the body. The gas exchange is involved in the transport of oxygen and carbon dioxide from the air. The gas exchange is associated with breathing. Your respiratory system involves lungs, airways, muscles and blood vessels that are the main parts that help your body with the breathing function. The breathing problem occur if the person has lung diseases. Lung diseases are the overall term if you have health conditions that affect your lungs. The lung diseases are pneumonia, bronchitis, asthma. These lung problems can lead to more severe issues such as COPD and lung cancer.

 

Lung diseases: Its Causes and risk factors

Various lung diseases impair the person’s lungs and affect the ability to breathe properly. The main causes of lung diseases are unknown, but some diseases can be caused by the following.

  • Low immune functioning
  • Lung condition during childbirth
  • Infection
  • Exposure to smoke and toxic materials

The person is at risk of developing lung problems if they are exposed to harmful chemicals and being exposed to bad habits. The risks can also worsen the lung problems and will lead to chronic lung diseases.

  • Smoking. It is the leading cause of lung diseases. Any kinds of smoking or being a second-hand smoker can put at risk in developing lung problems. The smoke can irritate the lungs. Studies say that smoking can cause and put you at higher risk for lung diseases.
  • Asbestos. It is a mineral substance that often used for cement, fireproofing, and car brakes. Overexposed to this kind of natural minerals can be harmful to a person’s health. It can harm the lung tissue or cells. It can be inhaled and can cause lung cancer and lung scarring.
  • Air pollution. Excessive exposure to pollution can cause lung problems and can even exacerbate the symptoms that result in chronic lung problems
  • Weak immune system. Having low immune response may not able to fight the microorganisms trying to enter your body. The weak immune system can put you at risk in developing an infectious disease and will lead to infectious lung diseases such as influenza and tuberculosis.

The genetics may also play a more prominent role in developing some lung problems such as cystic fibrosis and pulmonary hypertension. However, the research about the relationship of genes in certain lung diseases is not enough to say that genetic can definitely affect the development of lung problems.

 

What diseases cause lungs at risk?

Many factors can cause lung diseases. Most of the problems that cause your lungs at risk are the underlying conditions.

  1. HIV, AIDS, and cancer can cause lung problems like lung infection. According to researchers more patients with HIV and AIDS are developing the form of pneumonia known as pneumocystis pneumonia. The research explained that diseases like HIV and cancer could lower your immune system and may put you at higher risk in developing lung infections. Other studies added that HIV infection could impair the host defense mechanism of the respiratory system. Therefore, it contributes to lung problems and increases the risk of chronic lung disease like COPD.
  2. Liver and kidney problem. Chronic kidney disease is always associated with some illnesses such as hypertension and atherosclerosis. According to studies, the end-stage of kidney disease can affect the arteries and lead to pulmonary congestion. Wherein, a liver disease like cirrhosis can lead to pulmonary complications. According to some studies, the liver diseases affect the blood vessels and contribute to the reduction of the total capacity of the lungs. Besides, cirrhosis is always associated with dyspnea.
  3. Gastrointestinal disease. Hyperacidity or Gastro-esophageal reflux disease happens when the acid in the stomach goes back to the esophagus. GERD can result in chronic cough and can lead to asthma and pneumonia. A chronic cough happens when the acid irritates the throat. According to studies, gastro-esophageal reflux increases the acid affects the airway that also leads to bronchoconstriction.
  4. Respiratory Disease. It is already studied that respiratory diseases such as emphysema and bronchitis can lead to COPD and most of the lung diseases can lead to lung cancer. For example, asthma is always co-related to lung cancer.

The diseases that cause lung problems happen on the late stage. Therefore, if certain conditions are untreatable, it will lead to lung complications wherein shortness of breath may experience.

 

In conclusion, the diseases that can lead to lung complications are only possibilities. Therefore, if you have the conditions and causes dyspnea, do not hesitate to consult your physician. Although many factors cause lung diseases, it means that preventing main causes can help in treating lung problems. Certain diseases may put you at risk in lung problems, but it does not mean that you will have chronic lung diseases in the future.


Which Lungs Diseases Are Contagious? Things You Should Do

The difficulty of breathing and cough are often disregarded. Most people think that these are the only cause of aging or exercises. However, it could be transmittable diseases and already affect the lungs. Infectious lung problems are often spread from person to person. Understanding the lungs diseases that are contagious may help in the early diagnosis.

 

Further Understanding of Lung Diseases

Lung diseases refer to the problem in your lungs in which it affects the lung function. It is known as the third leading cause of mortality in the United States. The most common lung diseases worldwide are COPD, asthma, pneumonia and lung cancer. Infections cause some diseases. Most of the common symptom is difficulty in breathing. It occurs when the lung that allows us to breathe is affected by some conditions, and block the body from getting adequate oxygen. Other signs that the person has lung problems are a productive cough, wheezing and mucus production. There are three important main types of lung diseases. Viral pathogens are the prevalent cause of respiratory infections especially the travelers.

 

Parts of the Lungs Affected by Infections

The lung has its different parts and often affected by transmittable diseases. The lungs are divided into different sections and help the normal functions of the lung which is to help the oxygen from the air enter the blood. Once the infections enter into the lungs, it affects the following.

  1. Airway problems. The diseases affect the airway of the lungs that carry and transport oxygen and gases going in and out of the lungs. Airway disease causes the narrowing and blockage of the airways resulting in insufficient oxygen going into the lungs. COPD, asthma, and bronchitis are the common example of diseases affect the airways.
  2. Lung circulation diseases. There is the specific disease that affects the blood vessels in the lungs like pulmonary arteries. The disease is caused by clotting and inflammation of the blood vessels. The ability of the lungs to receive and oxygen and release carbon dioxide is affected. Pulmonary hypertension is the best example of this disease.
  3. Alveoli lung diseases. The air sacs of the lung are affected. The air sacs located at the end of the respiratory tree. Air sacs are responsible for the transport of oxygen and carbon dioxide going to and from the lungs and bloodstream. Pneumonia, emphysema, and tuberculosis are the diseases associated with alveoli.

 

What Are the Contagious Lung Diseases?

The infectious lung diseases are often caused by a pathogen such as viruses, bacteria, and fungi. The organisms enter the respiratory tract and cause inflammation and resulted in narrowing and blockage of the lungs. Many of the pathogens that cause lung diseases can easily spread from person to person. Some people can easily be infected by direct and indirect contact from infected person’s mucous, saliva and blood. The common contagious lung diseases are the following.

  • Pneumonia. This infectious disease is an inflammation of the tissue of one or both lungs. It can be caused by a bacterial infection that resulted in severe symptoms. However, infections caused by a virus can be life-threatening and may cause severe inflammation. Pneumonia is a condition that infects the alveoli and starts to form a fluid and pus.
  • Tuberculosis. This condition is a transmittable disease that is caused by a bacteria known as Mycobacterium tuberculosis. It can easily spread through the air when an infected person sneeze and cough, and then you are exposed to the bacteria especially if you have a weak immune system. Symptoms of TB  are a cough for more than three weeks, loss of appetite, and coughing of blood.
  • Bronchitis. It is an infection of the bronchi or the bronchial tubes, the windpipe of the lungs. The person with bronchitis experience the insufficient air and oxygen to breathe. They are unable to release the heavy phlegm. Bronchitis can be a short-term and long-term disease. The common symptoms are a persistent cough and usually last for a few weeks.
  • Influenza. It is also known as the flu that is caused by an influenza virus. It is considered as the highly contagious disease and usually occurs in the seasonal epidemics. This flu can be mild to severe illness when disregard can lead to death. The common sign is fever, and other symptoms are a cough, fatigue, diarrhea, and vomiting. Flu is different from cold because different viruses cause them.

The lung diseases mentioned above are the common contagious disease. Other infectious diseases that affect the respiratory system are coronavirus infections such as SARS and MERS-CoV.  There are also pneumococcal disease and pertussis which are infectious respiratory diseases. The thing that you should do is to take care of yourself by being mindful of the symptoms. Make sure to eat a balanced diet and do some exercises which will help your immune system fight the infection.

 

In conclusion, infectious diseases can be easily transmitted from person to person and can cause mild and severe lung diseases. Some infectious lung diseases may show the same symptoms. Therefore, consulting a physician is necessary to run some test and determine the lung problem. Following a doctor’s advice may help in the treatment and prevent further complications.


Which places have the highest rate of patients with lung problems?

According to statistics almost 12,000 new cases of death have been reported each year due to lung diseases. The lung diseases affect the lung and lung tissues. To attain a healthy lifestyle and well-being, prevention is the key. Understanding the risk factors is your way of preventing lung diseases. This content will give you an insight of who is at risk in developing lung problems and the places where highest rates of lung conditions have been reported.

 

What Causes Lung Diseases?

Pollution is probably one of the problems in the environment. Some reports said that pollution is one of the factors that put the people at risk of developing lung problems. Many factors affect the normal lung function.

  • Smoking. It is the most common cause of lung diseases in the world. They said that smoking could put you at risk in developing lung cancer,  bronchitis, and emphysema. Exposure to second-hand smoke can also put you at risk in developing COPD. It has been reported that secondhand smoke has a negative effect on the lung and vascular systems.
  • Harmful chemicals. The most common compounds are radon and asbestos. Radon is the second cause of lung cancer. It is a radioactive gas that naturally found at home. Asbestos is a mineral that is located in the industries and affects the lungs negatively.
  • Air pollution. It is uncontrollable especially if you are living in the city. Overexposure to air pollution can put you at risk in developing lung problems.
  • Age. Lung diseases caused by infections are prevalent with elderly and children due to a weak immune system. Another reason is that lung mature at the age of 20 and above.

 

Who is at risk of Lung diseases?

Some types of work can put you at higher risk of developing lung problems. Knowing the list does not mean that you have to stop your work, it only means you have to be careful and make some changes like wearing a mask.

  • Construction. Construction workers are at risk of developing lung problems. These type of job are more exposed to radon and asbestos, the harmful chemicals that can cause lung problems.
  • Housekeeping. Many of the cleaning materials are chemicals that can be harmful to your lungs. Most of the cleaning products fight germs and produces a strong smell that could also irritate the lung tissue.
  • Factory workers. Manufacturing place has various chemicals around the area. Some harmful chemicals are damaging the lung tissue when inhaled.  Research suggests that factory workers are at higher risk of developing asthma.
  • Health care workers. People who work in the hospital such as doctors and nurses are at risk of developing lung infections. Healthcare workers are exposed to infectious diseases such as influenza and tuberculosis. Some of them may also be at risk if latex materials are often used like latex gloves.
  • Coal mining. Miners who work underground are at high risk with lung diseases like bronchitis because of the coal that they inhaled. Overexposure to coal dust is dangerous to health and will result in breathing problems.

 

Places That Have the Highest Rates of Lung Problems

 

Asthma is the most prevalent lung disease followed by chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. It is reported that more than 25 million individuals have asthma in the United States. Wherein 14. 8 million people have been diagnosed with COPD. Those people who live in the city are exposed to air pollution and has a number of lung problems.

 

The lung cancer is the leading types of cancer in the world affecting more than 1.61 million individuals every year. The lung problems do not depend on the places or countries. It is on the habits and lifestyle of a person. In one of the reports, Kentucky has the highest numbers of smoking cases in the United States. Denmark has reported the highest number of women who are diagnosed with lung cancer. Korea is the third country that has the highest rates of lung cancer in the world. The United States is the third country who has the highest rate of lung cancer for women. The reason why Korea has the third highest rates is that of the indoor air pollution and secondhand smoke. In one of the reports, they said that the European countries had reported a large number of patients hospitalized because of lung problems. The reports explained that the cases are due to smoking.

 

In conclusion, the place is not the reason why people have lung problems. It is because of the bad habits like smoking or overexposure to harmful chemicals. Some causes are uncontrollable. However, what matters is how you take care of yourself or how you protect yourself from the factors. The lung diseases are the overall term for problems in the lungs. The way to prevent yourself is to determine the causes of specific lung problems.


What are the symptoms of a lung infection?

The lung is the vital part of the respiratory system. It is the one responsible on the person’s breathing. As a person breathes, air goes down the throat and into the windpipe. The windpipe of the lungs is consist of smaller passages known as the bronchial tubes. However, when there is a problem in your lungs caused by infection, the breathing is affected. Most people think that breathing problems are caused by aging and increased in weight. However, many are unaware that it could be caused by lung infections. Knowing the definition of lung infections and its symptoms may prevent complications like septic shock or any fatal complications.

 

What is Lung Infection?

The lung infection is also known as a chest infection. It is a general term that causes inflammation in the lungs. Various lung diseases are caused by infection. Bacteria and viruses can cause the lung infection. The lung infection is considered one of the leading cause of death worldwide. Infection in the lungs can affect the airways, alveoli, pleura and chest walls. Anyone can have lung infection regardless of the age. The chronic obstructive pulmonary disease or COPD is a chronic lung infection, and it blocked the airflow from the lungs. A person with COPD may also happen to have lung infection at the same time. The lung infection can cause damage to the lung tissue. Most people think that shortness of breath is a normal part of aging. However, it can be symptoms of severe lung infection. The respiratory system can easily be affected by infections if the immune system is weak. The infection of the lung occurs when the lung defense mechanisms are gradually deteriorated, and they can easily catch infectious diseases. The chronic lung infections can cause fluid in the person’s lungs.

 

What are the Lung Infections?

The most common lung infection is called pneumonia. Pneumonia is the infection of the airways of the lungs. The disease will cause to develop pus and fluid in the air sacs. Another lung infection is bronchitis. It can acute or chronic that causes inflammation in the bronchial tubes. It is the airways that transport the air to your lungs. Bronchitis causes a cough that has thickened mucus. Many lung infections affect the other parts of the lungs.

  • Asthma. A chronic inflammatory disease narrowed the airways. There is an inflammation in the airways caused by an infection that results in trouble in breathing.
  • Bronchiolitis. It is often confused by bronchitis. Bronchiolitis is also an inflammation of the lungs that affects the bronchioles
  • Emphysema. A progressive lung disease that causes dyspnea is caused by the over-inflation of the air sacs of the lungs.
  • Tuberculosis. It is caused by infection because of bacteria called Mycobacterium tuberculosis. It infects the lungs that cause an untreated cough.
  • Influenza(FLU). It is a severe respiratory illness that can quickly spread to a person. The influenza virus causes it.
  • Cystic fibrosis (CF). It is a progressive lung disease that causes persistent lung infection. It also affects the pancreas and other organs of the body.

The blood works and sputum culture can help your doctor diagnose the type of lung infections you have. All of the persistent lung infections are characterized by periods intermittent periods of exacerbation.

 

Symptoms of Lung Infection

The lung is responsible for gas exchange. Thus, it is one of the important organs of the body. Pathogens usually cause infection. The leading causes of lung infection are bacteria, virus, and mycoplasma. Once the person has a disease, it activates the various types of inflammatory cells. The infection affects the lungs airway, blood vessels, alveoli.

  • Difficulty breathing
  • A productive cough with colored phlegm
  • Chest pain
  • Fever
  • Coughing with blood
  • Cyanosis
  • Stomach pain
  • Wheezing

The lung is affected when you often feel difficulty breathing. It could be dyspnea or shortness of breath and tachypnea or rapid breathing. The chest pain that they experience is becoming sharp on the one side of their lungs. The chest pain triggers when they breathe in deeply. Often time changes in mucus are noticeable. The person with lung infection may notice the thickness and the color of the mucus that often produce a smelly odor. The chronic lung infections may also show symptoms such as intermittent fever, cough consist of blood and swollen lymph nodes. Most of the lung infections can be improved in a few weeks. However, some lung infections are already severe and may no longer be treated by antibiotics and antiviral drugs.

 

The symptoms of a lung infection may occur depending on the age. Knowing the symptoms may help the person to prevent further damage to the lung caused by infection. When the symptoms are showing, do not hesitate to consult a general practitioner and avoid self-medicate. Although some of the lung infections are treatable, it is necessary to get doctor’s advice for the proper treatment.