Lung diseases can be caused by infection or bad habits such as smoking. Some say that smoking cannabis may cause lung problems. However, most users suggest that cannabis use can help them in relieving symptoms of lung problems. Although most of the physician has prescribed common treatment for specific lung problems, it is undeniable that some people have been using cannabis for their lung problems. The real concern does medical cannabis safe to use for lung problems. This content will give you an insight into common treatments versus medical marijuana.
Overview of Lung Diseases
Lung diseases are often having problems with their breathing. Some lung diseases cause dyspnea or shortness of breath. Various factors put the person at risk in developing lung problems. Risk factors are smoking, pollution and infection. The lung diseases refer to the condition that affects the person’s lung and have an impact on the lung function. Most of the lung diseases are COPD, pneumonia, lung cancer, bronchitis. If the lung diseases are not appropriately treated, it may lead to respiratory failure and can be life-threatening. Other diseases like asthma and emphysema, cause the blockage on the airways. This results in inadequate transport of oxygen and gases. Some diseases like pneumonia and lung cancer reduce the capacity of the lungs to hold the total volume of air that also leads to dyspnea. The severe lung problem increases over time especially if the person is smoking and exposure to harmful chemicals.
Lung Disease: Treatment
There are various treatments for lung diseases. The medications will be based on the causes of the disease. For instance, antibacterial and antiviral will be prescribed for infectious diseases. The drug can be used to treat symptoms of lung diseases like dyspnea.
- Anticholinergics. This medication is the instant relief for asthma and other acute lung diseases. It helps by expanding the airways by inhibiting the reflexes to uncontrolled to smooth muscle of the airways.
- Short-Acting Beta-Agonists. It is a fast-acting relief for dyspnea because the beta-agonist relax the muscle of the airways.
Other medications can be used for long-term medications.
- Bronchodilators. This treatment used to dilate or relax the bronchioles. It relaxes the muscle in the lungs and helps the person to breathe properly. This treatment can be used to treat problems with breathing in asthma and COPD.
- Anti-IgE Treatment. This form of medication can also be used for asthma. This treatment is for allergic conditions and helps in relieving the symptoms such as wheezing, coughing, and hives.
- Inhaled steroids. It is used every day to control lung problems and to prevent some symptoms of lung diseases. It can also reduce the production of mucus and also help in reducing some symptoms of chronic lung disease.
- Combination medications. This treatment can be used for some diseases like asthma. It reduces the inflammation of the airways. It also dilates the muscle of the airways.
The treatment used for lung diseases mainly for inflamed airways. However, some medications may have side effects such as arrhythmia, headache, and upset stomach.
Lung Diseases: Medical marijuana
Medical cannabis is derived from the plant of cannabis sativa and use as a medicine. It contains active compounds such as THC, CBD, and CBN. The THC is the compound that induces the psychoactive or euphoric feeling. The CBD is the non-psychoactive compound of the plant and also has various health benefits. The medical marijuana has been widely used for pain, anxiety, nausea and multiple sclerosis. Past studies explained that smoking marijuana can worsen the lung problems and can cause bronchoconstriction.
However, recent studies suggest that only long-term cannabis smoking can cause the problem. Experimentally, some researchers found out that acute use of cannabis can promote bronchodilator and induced analgesic properties. They said the bronchodilation effect of marijuana is due to the cannabinoids called as THC. Besides, medical marijuana has been proven to have its anti-inflammatory properties. Therefore, it could help in treating some infectious diseases. There is substantial evidence about the acute cannabis use may help in improving the airway functions. However, most of the authors agreed that heavy cannabis use might reverse the bronchodilation effect of medical marijuana.
According to various studies, chronic cannabis use may impair the lung functions and can lead to airway obstruction. Also, they found out that chronic smoking marijuana can lead to more damage and inflamed tracheobronchial mucosa. On the recent studies about marijuana use, researchers explained that a problem in the respiratory symptom is often caused by smoking marijuana associated with tobacco use. Despite the confusion, medical marijuana is becoming popular nowadays because of its ability to treat symptoms. Aside from smoking, tinctures and edibles are the other way to consume marijuana.
Unfortunately, most people know that under federal law, marijuana is still illegal. Therefore, the benefits of marijuana may need further studies to prove its effectiveness in treating symptoms of lung diseases.
In conclusion, the use of treatment and acute cannabis use may help in bronchodilation and inflammation. However, cannabis use is still determined as a Scheduled drug I by DEA, and FDA has already approved the medication like bronchodilators. Regarding cannabis use, it is still recommended to consult a general practitioner before using to treat lung problems.